Trail Skills Stage 5

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Trail Skills - Stage 5 Competencies & Requirements

  1. I can explain how the weather affects the equipment I bring on a weekend hike.
    • Scouts can explain how the weather can change very quickly and how they need to plan in advance.
    • Scouts can explain the layering system, outer shell; how to control body head and ventilation; wicking principle.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to keep their pack and pack contents dry in wet and snow conditions.
  2. I can show what group equipment to bring on a weekend hike and explain why each item is needed.
    • Scouts can list the basic equipment needed and why and how it is to be used on a weekend hike.
    • This includes camping, safety and personal equipment.
  3. I can show how to use group equipment correctly.
    • Scouts can demonstrate proper use of equipment while supervised on a hike.
  4. I can select appropriate footwear for various hikes.
    • Scouts can describe appropriate footwear and comfort factors such as ankle support, sole support and construction materials.
    • Scouts can explain the use of gaiters when hiking.
  5. I can demonstrate how to use different types of lightweight stoves to prepare a meal.
    • Scouts can describe the different types of stoves and fuel that can be used on day and overnight hikes.
  6. I can keep food and food preparation materials hygienic.
    • Scouts can describe how to keep food, food containers and food utensils hygienic and how to handle food safely during the hike and while preparing meals.
  7. I can use a map and compass to find my position on the ground.
    • Scouts can demonstrate their skills with a map and compass while supervised on the trail. Scouts can show how to find their position on the map with reference to their surroundings and local features.
    • Scouts can take bearings of surrounding areas and find their position.
  8. I can plot a proposed hiking route on a map and obtain the required compass bearings.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to plot a hike route and use a compass to obtain the necessary bearings.
    • Scouts can orient the map using features on a map and use the features to plot a hiking route.
  9. I can input a given waypoint into a GPS and then find it.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to use a GPS by entering waypoints and navigating to the destination.
  10. I can teach another youth the basic use of a GPS unit.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to use a GPS to other Scouts.
  11. I can find directions without a compass.
    • Scouts can demonstrate various methods of finding direction: using the sun, stars, shadows, a watch, the moon.
  12. I can describe the dangers of weather on hikes.
    • Scouts can explain how temperature changes and changes in wind speed and direction can indicate weather changes.
    • Scouts can describe how cloud cover, mist, fog and snow can affect the hike and how to be proactively safe.
  13. I can plan effectively and recommend appropriate gear for my group to take based on weather forecasts for the hike area.
    • Scouts can list the gear needed for the hike and the adjustments required depending on weather forecasts.
    • Scouts can distinguish between regular group gear and safety/emergency use gear.
  14. I know when and how to cross a river.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to cross a river using various methods, including the preferred safe crossing on a bridge or other designated safe crossing areas.
    • Scouts can explain safety procedures including how to protect clothes so youth stay dry, and steps to keep warm.
  15. I can show how and explain when to use the main distress signals.
    • Scouts can demonstrate distress signals while supervised outdoors in both daytime and night-time conditions.
  16. I can hike on steep trails safely, using appropriate gear as required.
    • Scouts can demonstrate awareness of trail conditions and ways to support other members of the team.
    • Scouts can explain the various roles required for a safe hiking experience.
    • Scouts can describe proper trail pacing for a group and how to schedule rest and water breaks.
    • Scouts can explain the role of the front leader and rear follower on a hike.
  17. I can be an active member of my team while hiking.
    • Scouts demonstrate their knowledge of flora and fauna that could be hazardous on the trail. Scouts can explain how to recognize these hazards, how to avoid the hazards and how to respond to exposure.
  18. I can recognize and respond to hazards from flora and fauna.
    • Scouts have attended at least three hikes in wilderness-type areas in addition to and different from those experienced in other stages.
    • One of the hikes is to be a two-night hike experience.
  19. I have taken part in three hikes (including an overnight).
    • Scouts can keep the date, route and other details of the adventure in a log which can be added to with each hiking adventure.
  20. I have written a log for at least two of these activities.
    • Scouts can be involved in all aspects of planning an overnight hike.
  21. I can help plan an overnight hike.
    • Scouts can select a location that meets the desired hiking trip requirements.
  22. I can help choose a suitable hiking destination.
    • Scouts can describe and demonstrate safe practices for steep trails and list the required safety gear (such as hiking poles).