Paddling Skills Stage 4

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Paddling Skills - Stage 4 Competencies & Requirements

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  1. I can demonstrate the HELP and Huddle positions while in the water wearing a PFD.
    • Scouts can demonstrate the ability to preserve body heat in the event they are stranded in the water for extended periods.
    • They can demonstrate the ability to maintain both positions for a period of five minutes each.
  2. I can explain what clothing should be worn while canoe tripping.
    • (This competency will vary depending on the region of the country and the season Scouts are paddling in.)
    • Scouts can demonstrate an understanding of the clothing options available and some of the pros and cons of the different options, including: different footwear, different headwear, long-sleeves vs short-sleeves, trousers vs shorts, rain gear and wet suits.
  3. I can assist in launching and landing a canoe or kayak.
    • Scouts can demonstrate an ability to assist in the launching of a canoe from the shore and from a dock. When doing this, they can demonstrate the following:
      • one person holds the watercraft stable while the other is moving
      • use paddle to stabilize the watercraft while moving or sitting in position
      • avoid damage to watercrafts
      • watercraft should be in the water before the paddler gets into it
      • stepping into the water is encouraged
  4. I can trade places with my paddling partner while on the water.
    • Scouts will demonstrate the following technique:
      • Stern paddler moves ahead of rear thwart and crunches up in a ball
      • Bow paddler steps over stern paddler to back seat
      • Stern paddler moves to bow seat
      • Only one person moving at a time
      • Communication between paddlers must happen
  5. I have helped a Stage 2 paddler to explain the basic safety rules for being near water.
    • A Stage 4 Scout will have spent time helping a Scout working at Stage 2 to learn basic safety rules for being near the water.
  6. I can explain the seven principles of Leave No Trace.
  7. I have taken part in a canoe or kayak raft-up and can explain its uses.
    • Scouts have participated in a raft-up with three or more watercraft in the raft. When rafting-up, watercraft should be touching each other with paddlers holding each other or each other’s watercraft.
    • Scouts understand that the raft-up is used for communication or breaks.
  8. By myself or with a paddling partner, I can paddle a canoe or kayak in a straight line going forward for at least 50 metres.
    • Scouts can use whatever paddle strokes they wish to keep the line reasonably straight for 50 metres.
    • Scouts can demonstrate this skill with another Stage 4 paddler, or with a Scouter or more experienced paddler.
  9. I can make my canoe or kayak turn in the direction I want it to turn.
    • Scouts can demonstrate a basic understanding of what to do to make the watercraft turn in the direction they intend it to go.
  10. I can demonstrate basic canoe strokes (forward, reverse, draw, pry, stop, j, sweep).
    • Scouts can demonstrate these different strokes and have a basic understanding of what happens to the watercraft when different strokes are applied.
  11. I can explain why my watercraft needs a painter and can attach one so that it is secure and readily available when I need it.
    • Scouts know that a painter is the rope attached to the bow and/or stern of the watercraft. They can secure the painter to their watercraft using an appropriate knot.
  12. I can describe water and weather conditions that make paddling unsafe and can explain what to do if I encounter them while I am on the water.
    • Scouts understand water and weather conditions (such as waves, thunderstorms and tides) and can explain the appropriate course of action when they encounter them while on the water.
  13. I can explain why canoes and kayaks are important to Canadian aboriginal people and the history of Canada.
    • Scouts can demonstrate (through a group discussion with their patrol, a presentation, skit, story, etc.) an understanding of the importance of canoes and kayaks to Canadians both before and after European contact.
  14. I can identify three methods for helping someone in the water to reach safety and have demonstrated how to use them. (This can be demonstrated in open water or a swimming pool.)
    • Scouts can identify three methods for helping someone in distress in the water, such as: talking someone to safety, throwing something buoyant to the person in distress, or going to the person.
    • Any aids identified should be items that would normally be found on a canoe trip and can include, but are not limited to the following:
      • throw bags
      • reaching assist (paddle, pole)
      • throwing assists
      • PFD
  15. I can throw a throw bag so that someone in the water can reach it.
    • Scouts can demonstrate the ability to throw a throw bag to someone in the water so that the person can easily reach it within a few swimming strokes.
  16. I have taken part in and logged at least four paddling activities.
    • Scouts maintain paddling logs.
    • The log include date, location, distance, time, participants and something interesting about each activity.
  17. I can explain what a float plan is.
    • Scouts know that a float plan documents: where they are going, when they will return, where the closest aid is and who is in the paddling group.
  18. I have participated in at least one paddling activity of at least eight hours duration that includes making and eating a meal.
    • During this paddling activity, Scouts are tasked with all the paddling.
    • Older paddlers can be in the watercraft or in a nearby watercraft to help if required.
    • Scouts who have completed the Paddle Canada Waterfront program have demonstrated most of the paddling and safety requirements for Stages 1–4. Items specifically related to tripping may not be part of the Waterfront program.