Sailing Skills Stage 5

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Sailing Skills - Stage 5 Competencies & Requirements

  1. I know when and how to follow the Sail Coach’s commands.
    • Scouts must be aware of the Sail Coach’s instructions at all times for their personal safety and for making the Learn to Sail session a positive learning experience.
  2. I can identify mild symptoms of hyperthermia
    • Scouts should be able to identify and treat mild symptoms of hyperthermia.
  3. I can identify three reaching assists that could be used to help someone in the water to reach safety and have demonstrated how to use one of them.
    • Scouts must be demonstrated using reaching assists in open water using:
      • throw bags
      • reaching assists—towel, paddle, pole
      • throwing assist—PFD, life ring
      • items that would normally be found in a sailboat
  4. I know how to create and use a float plan.
    • Scouts should create a float plan and leave it with their parents or their Scouter as the safety contact at home. The content of the float plan should include:
      • where they are going
      • when they will return
      • who is coming with them
      • where the closest aid is
      • how to contact them
  5. I can explain why my boat needs a painter.
    • Scouts should know that a painter is the rope attached to the boat to secure bow or stern to dock, mooring buoy or tow boat.
  6. I know games youth can play to promote flexibility prior to going sailing.
    • Scouts should know three active games to play to limber up and do warm-up exercises before launching their boats.
  7. I can explain what clothing should be worn while sailing.
    • Scouts should be able to explain what clothing should be worn while sailing.
      • footwear
      • hat
      • long vs. short-sleeved shirt
      • long pants vs. shorts
      • all-weather gear
      • wetsuit and/or dry suit
    • Clothing will vary depending on the season of the sailing excursion.
    • Clothing may vary between different Scout Councils across Canada.
  8. As the Skipper of my sailcraft, I can identify the equipment Transport Canada requires to be on the sailboat and demonstrate its proper use.
    • Level 5 Scouts MUST identify the five pieces of safety equipment required by the Transport Canada and demonstrate their proper use.
      • One life jacket or PFD for each person on board
      • One signalling device (whistle)
      • One buoyant heaving line of at least 15 metres in length
      • One paddle
      • One bailer
    • See the Transport Canada’s Safe Boating Guide for details on all classes of boats.
  9. I can describe the basic Transport Canada navigational aids on the water.
    • A Stage 5 Scout must be able to identify the following:
      • lateral port and starboard buoys and day beacons
      • four cardinal buoys
      • special purpose (diving, keep out, mooring, swimming) buoys
      • mandatory lights required on sailing vessels underway
      • mandatory lights when anchored
  10. I can explain the rules established to avoid collision.
    • A Stage 5 Scout must be able to understand explain the following consistent with the Collision Regulations Rule 12–17:
      • Rule 12 Sailing vessels: opposite tack, same tack, windward tack, leeward tack, downwind tack, tack/gybing
      • Rule 13 Sailing vessels Overtaking Boat must keep clear
      • Rule 14 Sailing vessels Head–on situation
      • Rule 15 Vessels Crossing Situation
      • Rule 16 Action by the Give-Way vessel
      • Rule 17 Action by the Stand-on vessel
  11. I can inspect a rigged sailboat and identify faulty boat parts.
    • Scouts should be able to identify the parts of a boat that would make it unsafe to go sailing if in need of repair.
      • frayed whippings on lines
      • torn stitching on the sails
      • absent telltales on the shrouds
      • weakened swedges on the forestay and shrouds
      • loose turnbuckles on the shrouds
      • weakened or loose holding fittings in place
      • missing or unusable retaining pin on the pintle of the rudder
      • missing painter at the bow of the boat
  12. I can launch a boat from the dock or from the shore.
    • Scouts should have the knowledge and demonstrate how to launch from the dock or from the shore.
      • To avoid boat damage, the sailboat should be in the water before the sailor gets into it.
      • One person holds the boat stable, while the other person slides over the opposite gunwale and into the boat.
      • When launching from the shore, stepping into the water is encouraged.
  13. I can trade places with my sailing crew while on the water in winds less than 9 knots.
    • Scouts should be able to demonstrate exchanging places on the water when sailing in light wind conditions so that two youth on board can experience both helm and jib control without having to go back to the shore or the dock.
  14. I have demonstrated steering a sailboat heading upwind, or bearing off and going downwind, depending on wind conditions and direction.
    • Scouts should be able to manoeuvre the boat.
      • Steer a boat to go upwind and downwind.
      • Tack and gybe the sailboat under control.
  15. I can demonstrate a self-rescue with my sailboat.
    • A Scout in command of a sailboat must be able to right a capsized sailing dinghy and re-enter the sailboat by both themselves and with crew.
  16. I have demonstrated proper Man Over Board (MOB) procedures while on the water.
    • A Scout must be able to sail solo to tack/gybe the boat around, sail back to the location of the man overboard, bring the boat into irons next to the person in the water and help the MOB get back into the boat.
  17. I have demonstrated making a sail raft and can explain its uses.
    • Scouts should know how to raft boats together while holding the neighbouring boat stays, keeping hands 30 centimetres above the gunwales to keep fingers clear of being pinched between the hulls:
      • with two or more boats in the raft
      • for communication between boats or with a sail coach
      • for taking breaks on the water
  18. I can work as part of a team to sail in a straight line going forward for at least 200 metres.
    • A Scout, in command of a sailboat, can sail with a crew as a team to sail the boat properly.
  19. I can effectively steer the sailboat while sailing flat,identify wind direction while sailing, make the boat turn and head up / bear off within one boat length of the mark.
    • A Scout, in command of the sailboat, must be able to read the wind in order to turn the boat upwind or downwind, and set the sails properly while underway.
  20. I have demonstrated how to trim the sail while sailing at all points of sail, including adjusting the sails for wind shifts, and adjusting the sails for puffs/lulls.
    • Scouts, in command of the sailboat, must be able to read the wind at all points of sail in order to trim the sail to gain the best performance in changing wind conditions.
  21. I can manoeuvre the sailboat properly while giving the proper commands to my crew.
    • Scouts, in command of the sailboat, must be able to issue the proper commands in the correct sequence to safely tack/gybe correctly, set a new course and to stop the boat to the leeward of the coach boat.
  22. I can safely dock or beach a sailboat.
    • Scouts, in command of the boat, should be able to:
      • judge the boat’s speed during its approach before turning head to wind towards the dock and stop the boat within one arm’s length of the dock, allowing the crew to reach out and shinny onto the dock
      • turn the boat head to wind parallel to the shore in waist deep water, slowing the boat to a stop before both Skipper and crew slide over the opposite gunwales and into the water
      • stop the boat before hitting the dock or hitting the sand and rocks preventing hull damage
  23. I can lift the boat from the water to dry storage, de-rig the boat, and store the sails and foils correctly in the boat storage.
    • Scouts should be able to safely remove the sailboat from the water for proper storage.
  24. I have participated in one daysail of at least six hours duration which includes sailing to and landing at a beach, making and eating a meal, and returning safely.
    • Scouts and crew should tie their daypacks under the forward deck, then sail the boat to the lunch spot.
  25. I have taken part in at least five daysails of six hours each, or ten daysails of three hours each, on safe, familiar waters.
    • In addition to the daysails completed for the previous four stages, Scouts must demonstrate all of the sailing skills expected of a Skipper to ensure the safety of the boat and crew, while sailing in familiar water and winds up to 12 knots.
  26. I have helped a Stage 2 or 3 sailor explain the basic safety rules for being near water.
    • Scouts should be familiar with and capable of sharing their sailing knowledge.