Trail Skills Stage 4

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Trail Skills - Stage 4 Competencies & Requirements

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  1. I can teach another youth what to pack for a day hike.
    • Scouts can show other Scouts how to pack the equipment in their rucksack: heavy items, soft items, last in-first out principle, food items and water.
  2. I can pack a rucksack for a weekend hike.
    • Scouts can explain the equipment (including group equipment) needed for an overnight hike. Scouts can show how to pack heavy items, soft items, food, fuel, stoves, and their share of team equipment.
    • Scouts can explain the types of eye protection needed for various conditions, such as: sunglasses, glacier glasses and snow goggles.
    • Scouts can list and describe the 10 essential items to always have in their pack.
  3. I can show how to care for all my personal hiking equipment needed for a weekend hike.
    • Scouts can explain the value of maintaining equipment and demonstrate how to check and care for their equipment including: safety considerations, keeping equipment in working condition, checking in advance, simple repairs and cleaning
  4. I know how to plan for and avoid food allergies in a group hike.
    • Scouts can describe how to keep food safe for all members of the group and avoid cross-contamination.
    • Scouts can explain how to recognize and treat allergies, including anaphylactic reactions.
  5. I can use a map and compass together for navigation.
    • Scouts can plot a hiking route on a map, taking into consideration the terrain and features. Scouts can follow the progress of the hike and mark points as they are achieved.
    • Scouts can demonstrate the use of a compass to determine bearings for the route.
    • Scouts can plot locations based on a grid references, calculate distances and changes in height.
  6. I can teach another youth how to follow a route on an orienteering map.
    • Scouts demonstrate to others how to follow a pre-defined route on a map
  7. I can keep a map dry and safe from the elements.
    • Scouts can describe and use the various methods of keeping a map dry and safe: zip-lock bags, laminating, map cases and map coatings.
  8. I can locate a waypoint that has been pre-programmed into a GPS unit.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to locate a pre-programmed waypoint.
  9. I can plan and bring appropriate personal gear to use on a hike based on weather forecasts for the hiking area.
    • Scouts can demonstrate methods of obtaining the forecast for the hiking area.
    • Scouts can show how to prepare for the various weather conditions that may be encountered on the hike.
  10. I can cross various terrains, such as wet or rocky ground.
    • Scouts can explain how to cross various terrains safely.
    • Scouts can cross wet bogs or marshes safely and minimize their impact on the environment.
  11. I can apply the Leave No Trace principles while hiking.
    • Scouts can demonstrate their knowledge of the Leave No Trace principles by disposing of waste properly, respecting wildlife, minimizing the impacts of hiking and fire, showing consideration of others and hiking and camping on durable surfaces whenever possible.
  12. I can minimize trail hazards for myself and others as encountered (trip hazards on the trail, minimizing branch whip while moving them out of the way, etc.—overall trail etiquette).
    • Scouts can demonstrate hiking etiquette on the trail.
    • Scouts know what to do if encountering other hikers on a trail.
    • Scouts can avoid livestock or wildlife on a trail, and know what to do if animals are encountered.
  13. I can be responsible for younger or less experienced members of my team while we are hiking.
    • Scouts have a level of awareness to help younger or less experienced Scouts while hiking.
  14. I can treat simple sprains and blisters.
    • Scouts can demonstrate treatment of simple foot or ankle sprains and blisters.
    • Scouts can explain the difficulties providing treatment of simple sprains and blisters when on the trail and why to avoid these injuries.
    • Scouts can make the patient feel safe and know how to get help.
    • Scouts know the materials in a first aid kit that are used to treat a blister and demonstrate their skill.
  15. I can identify the different emergency services that are available and how and when to call them.
    • Scouts can explain how to call for emergency services in the area in which Scouts are hiking (police, ambulance, search etc.).
    • Scouts are able to explain what each service would provide in a hiking situation.
  16. I can build or find an emergency shelter.
    • Scouts can demonstrate how to erect a simple emergency shelter or explain natural formations that could be used for emergency shelters
  17. I have attended three hikes (including an overnight).
    • Scouts have attended at least three hikes in wilderness-type areas different from those experienced in other stages. One of the hikes is to be an overnight experience.
  18. I can lead a leg of a hike.
    • Scouts can take the lead position on a section of a hike.
    • Scouts will demonstrate how to navigate, support, guide and lead others over the trail.
  19. I can help plan a day hike.
    • Scouts have been involved in the selection of season and location for a day hike.