Vertical Skills Stage 6

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Vertical Skills - Stage 6 Competencies & Requirements

  1. I have tied and used a Munter hitch (also called an Italian hitch) as a belay method.
    • Using a carbineer specially designed for a Munter Hitch, Scouts can belay a climber when climbing up and being lowered back down.
    • Scouts can tie a Munter hitch correctly and attach the knot to a HMS carabiner.
    • Scouts can tie off the Munter hitch with a Munter mule when the hitch is under load.
  2. I have constructed and used an improvised “Parisian Baudrier” chest harness.
    • Scouts can tie a Parisian Baudrier chest harness and incorporate it into their seat harness, and use the two harnesses together on a climb.
    • Scouts can explain when a chest harness is required.
  3. I can maintain the correct foot, body and hand positioning for rappelling.
    • Scouts can demonstrate the position with feet shoulder-width apart and semi-flat on the climbing face, back straight leaning back from the climbing face, hands in the position as per the rappel device manufacturer’s requirements.
  4. I know the Yosemite Decimal climbing grading system and how to use it.
    • Scouts can describe the system and how they can use the system to plan a climb.
    • Scouts can state at what grade of Yosemite Decimal climbing system a climbing rope is required to protect themselves during and accent or descent.
  5. I have belayed a rappeller from above a rappel site.
    • A Scout belayer seated at the top of a belay site and using a friction device can belay a climber down the rappel, allowing the rappeller to use the friction of the rappel device to control the descent; rather than tension from the belay line, the belay line is only a safety back up.
  6. I have set up a climbing anchor systems using active protection.
    • Scouts can demonstrate setting up a top rope anchor or a bottom belay station anchor system that incorporates at least two placements of active climbing protection.
    • Scouts can explain and correctly apply the principles of the anchor- building anonym “SARENE-SA” when setting anchors: Solid Anchors, Redundant, Equalized, No Extension, Small Angles.
  7. I know how to assess and use in-place climbing bolt anchors, bolt hangers and fixed permanent rappel and belay stations.
    • Scouts demonstrate they can visually and physically check bolt anchors by:
      • Looking for loose rock material around the bolt placement—bolt attached to rock that looks loose or broken, sounds “hollow” when hit with a rock hammer, 30 cm of solid rock on all sides of a bolt is ideal.
      • Checking the bolt and hanger—hanger held tight, no large amount of rust on metal parts, no cracks or bends in metal, nuts are secure.
      • Bolt and hanger are of modern-era type. Scouts can describe what modern bolt hangers and bolts look like, and what older designs look like.
  8. I have completed a mock lead climb as the climber on an artificial climbing wall.
    • The climbing Scout is to be belayed on a top rope belay safety rope.
    • The climbing Scout is also tied into a second rope belayed from the ground up. This rope is to be clipped into carbiners attached to pre-set protection placements on the climbing route as the climber ascends.
    • The climbing Scout is to be belayed with the ground up belay in a fashion consistent with a method used as if the Scout was making an actual non-mock lead climb.
  9. I have set up and used a tube, auto locking and auto blocking belay device.
    • Scouts can set up one of each of a tube, auto locking and auto blocking belay device, attached to a climbing rope and used during a climb by the Scout belayer.
  10. I know the different types of climbing webbing/ slings and the uses of these.
    • Scouts can explain the deference between flat and tubular webbing and the different widths and strengths of webbing.
    • Scouts can explain the differences between nylon, dyneema and spectra webbing materials and the advantages and disadvantages of these webbing fabrics.
    • Scouts can make a self-constructed climbing sling with a water knot. Scouts can describe what a commercially sewn climbing sling is.
  11. I understand the concept, principle, physics and consequences of fall factor in climbing.
    • Scouts can describe what a fall factor is in climbing and the hazards associated.
    • Scouts can explain how to minimize fall factors.
  12. I know how to identify what is an approved rope for climbing and what sizes of rope are available.
    • Scouts can describe a “UIAA” certified climbing rope.
    • Scouts can describe a standard length of a climbing rope (60–80 metres). Scouts can describe the size and use of single climbing rope: 9 to 11 mm diameter for climbing with a single rope, because larger diameter single ropes can take a greater fall and are more resistant to wear and abrasion, but thicker ropes are heavier.
    • Smaller diameter ropes are lighter and better for multi-pitch longer climbing.
    • 8–9 mm diameter ropes offer a full rope length for rappelling, produce less impact force in a fall and offer less chance of both ropes being cut in a rock fall.